Gums - Periodontitis treatment in Munich
What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis, also known as periodontal disease, is a serious inflammatory disease of the periodontium that affects the gums, jawbone and tissues around the teeth. This disease is caused by bacteria that colonize dental plaque and calculus and cause inflammation in the gums.
Treatment of periodontitis usually involves thorough cleaning of the teeth, gum pockets and interdental spaces to remove the bacteria. In more severe cases, surgical intervention may be required to treat bone loss and halt the progression of the disease.
Regular oral hygiene, including brushing, flossing and regular visits to the dentist, are crucial to preventing periodontitis or detecting and treating it at an early stage.
How do you recognize periodontal disease?
Periodontitis can develop gradually and is not always easy to recognize, especially in the early stages. However, there are some signs and symptoms that you can look out for to recognize periodontitis:
Bleeding gums: A common sign of periodontitis is bleeding gums, especially when brushing, flossing or eating.
Gum recession: The gums may recede and the teeth appear longer than usual.
Tooth loosening: Periodontitis can lead to the loss of bone tissue around the teeth, resulting in loosening of the teeth.
Bad breath: Periodontitis can lead to bad breath, also known as halitosis.
Tooth sensitivity: Sensitive teeth can be a sign of receding gums and periodontitis.
Changes in your bite: Changing your bite or feeling that the way your teeth meet has changed may indicate periodontal disease.
To prevent periodontitis, careful oral hygiene is crucial, including regular brushing, flossing and visits to the dentist for professional cleaning and monitoring of your oral health.
What is the procedure for periodontal treatment?
The treatment of periodontitis, also known as periodontal disease, can vary depending on the severity of the disease. However, it usually involves several steps:
Diagnosis: First, the dentist or periodontist will examine the condition of the periodontium and gums. This may include clinical examinations, x-rays and sometimes a measurement of the gum pocket depth with a probe.
Cleaning the teeth: The first step is to thoroughly clean the teeth, gum pockets and interdental spaces to remove plaque and tartar. This is usually done using ultrasonic devices and hand instruments. Anesthesia is sometimes required.
Smoothing the root surfaces: If gum pockets are deep, rough areas on the root surfaces can be smoothed to prevent the build-up of bacteria.
Surgical procedures: In more severe cases, surgical treatment may be required to treat deeper gum pockets or repair bone loss. Examples of surgical procedures include gum grafting, bone regeneration and root planing.
Antibiotics: In some cases, the dentist may prescribe antibiotics to fight bacteria and reduce inflammation.
Aftercare and regular check-ups: Long-term aftercare is crucial to ensure the success of the treatment. Patients should attend regular check-ups and professional dental cleanings. Proper oral hygiene at home, including brushing, flossing and using mouthwashes if necessary, is also important to prevent the recurrence of periodontitis.
The exact course of periodontitis treatment can vary depending on individual needs.
What is Periochip?
The PerioChip is a medical product used in the treatment of periodontitis.
The PerioChip is a small, rectangular gelatine plate that is placed in the gingival pocket. It is usually the size of a fingernail and is usually orange or brown in color. The chip contains the active ingredient chlorhexidine, an antiseptic that helps to reduce harmful bacteria in the gum pocket.
- The PerioChip does not contain any antibiotics.
- It works directly on the focus of inflammation for 11 weeks from the very first second.
- The treatment is quick and hardly noticeable.
- During the first few days you may experience a slight feeling of pressure.
- As the chip biodegrades within seven days, no follow-up appointment is necessary.
- The PerioChip keeps the gum pocket germ-free for up to three months.
- There are no restrictions on eating habits after the treatment.
- Oral hygiene at home does not need to be changed.
- No additional medication is necessary.
- Good compatibility is guaranteed.
The use of the PerioChip can be used to support the treatment of periodontitis in cases where deep periodontal pockets are present or where there is a higher risk of bacterial infection.
PerioChip treatment is a private service and is neither covered nor subsidized by statutory health insurance.
What is assisted periodontal therapy?
Supportive periodontitis therapy is an essential part of the treatment of periodontitis. Once the active phase of periodontitis treatment has been completed and the inflammation has been brought under control, supportive therapy begins.
Supportive periodontitis therapy has several objectives:
Maintaining the results achieved: The main task is to maintain the success of the treatment. This means keeping the inflammation of the gums in check, stabilizing the condition of the gum pockets and preventing further bone loss.
Prevention of relapses: Periodontitis tends to recur if oral hygiene is neglected. The aftercare program is designed to help prevent relapses and ensure the long-term success of the treatment.
The exact course of supportive periodontitis therapy can vary, but it generally includes:
Regular check-ups: In the initial phase, check-ups are carried out more frequently and can then be carried out at longer intervals as the condition stabilizes.
Professional dental cleanings: Regular professional dental cleanings are an important part of aftercare. This removes plaque and tartar.
Monitoring of oral hygiene: The patient receives instructions on oral hygiene and the correct use of aids such as dental floss and interdental brushes.
Checking the gingival pocket depths: The gingival pocket depths are measured regularly to detect changes.
Needs-based adjustments: If necessary, supportive periodontitis therapy can be adapted to meet individual needs.
Supportive periodontitis therapy is crucial, as periodontitis is a chronic disease and can recur without consistent follow-up care. Collaboration between the patient and the dentist or periodontist is essential to ensure long-term oral health.